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Yuri's Night - World Space Party





New Horizons has been in space for 5047 days. (Launch Date: Jan 19, 2006)

It's been 1584 days
since New Horizons'
closest approach
to Pluto on
July 14, 2015.


It's been 317 days
since New Horizons'
closest approach
to 2014 MU69 on
January 1, 2019.



Questions? Comments?
Send me an email:





1961 Tasco 12TE


Tasco 4.5 Lunagrosso


New Horizons Message Initiative November, 2019

  December 2019  

January, 2020

     Current Date  

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Monday


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Thursday


Friday


Saturday


 1

     59 years ago, in 1960:

Korabl-Sputnik 3 or Vostok-1K No. 3 (Sputnik 6), is launched with dogs Pchyolka and Mushka who spend a day in orbit, but their craft is intentionally destroyed due to a navigation error.

     41 years ago, in 1978:

ATS-1 is deactivated after just under 12 years of service.

     41 years ago, in 1978:

ATS-3 is deactivated after just over 11 years of service.

     30 years ago, in 1989:

The International Astrophysical Observatory 'Granat' is launched aboard a Proton-K rocket to view X-ray and gamma ray objects.

     30 years ago, in 1989:

The International Astrophysical Observatory "Granat" is launched to observe the universe at energies ranging from X-ray to gamma rays.

     19 years ago, in 2000:

The shuttle Endeavour launches (STS-97), bringing the P6 truss and the first solar arrays to be installed on the ISS.

     19 years ago, in 2000:

Marc Garneau, aboard the shuttle Endeavour (STS-97), returns to space for the third time, and visits the ISS.

     13 years ago, in 2006:

United Launch Alliance is officially formed with the merger of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

Chang'e 3, a robotic lander and China's first lunar rover, Yutu (Jade Rabbit), is successfully launched.

     3 years ago, in 2016:

The third failure of a Progress (MS-04, ISS-65P) resupply mission to the ISS occurs when telemetry is lost and the third stage explodes.

 2

     104 years ago, in 1915:

Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity is published.

     48 years ago, in 1971:

Mars 3 (USSR) successfully lands on Mars and though its instruments fail after 20 seconds, it does transmit part of the first surface picture of Mars.

     45 years ago, in 1974:

Pioneer 11 encounters the Jovian system.

     45 years ago, in 1974:

The first use of a Soyuz-U rocket to launch a crewed mission takes place, with the Soyuz 16 crew.

     30 years ago, in 1989:

After 9 years, the Solar Maximum Mission satellite (SolarMax) re-enters the atmosphere and burns up.

     29 years ago, in 1990:

On board the Soyuz TM-11 mission to Mir, Toyohiro Akiyama becomes the first Japanese citizen to visit space.

     29 years ago, in 1990:

The Broad Band X-ray Telescope (BBXRT) is flown on the space shuttle Columbia (STS-35) for 9 days.

     26 years ago, in 1993:

Servicing Mission 1 to fix Hubble's flawed optics is launched aboard shuttle Endeavour (STS-61) .

     24 years ago, in 1995:

The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) is launched to study the Sun.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

New Horizons makes a course-correction maneuver that fine-tunes its trajectory for the flyby of Ultima Thule.

 3

     115 years ago, in 1904:

At the Lick Observatory, Charles D. Perrine discovers Himalia, the largest irregular satellite of Jupiter.

     61 years ago, in 1958:

Control of JPL is transferred from the US Army to NASA.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Luna 8 is launched to the Moon.

     46 years ago, in 1973:

Pioneer 10 is the first probe to visit the Jovian system.

     45 years ago, in 1974:

Pioneer 11 makes its closest approach to Jupiter, at a distance of 26,612 miles (42,828 km) from the cloud tops.

     20 years ago, in 1999:

The Mars Polar Lander crash lands on Mars, ending the mission.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

The Cassini probe obtains the highest ever resolution movie of the hexagon at Saturn's north pole.

     5 years ago, in 2014:

The Japanese Hayabusa2 sample return mission, along with PROCYON, an asteroid flyby space probe, are launched together for asteroid 162173 Ryugu.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

ESA launches the LISA Pathfinder, designed to test technologies for a planned gravitational wave observatory.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

The PROCYON asteroid flyby space probe flies past Earth and takes a picture, but is soon lost due to its thruster failure.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

The first launch of a Soyuz capsule since the October 11, 2018 rocket failure reaches the ISS with no issues.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

NASA's OSIRIS-REx reaches its target, an asteroid named Bennu.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

SpaceX launches a Falcon 9 (SSO-A), deploying 64 small satellites, and marking the first time a booster is re-used for a third flight.

 4            FIRST QUARTER 

     61 years ago, in 1958:

Intended for a lunar impact, the Soviets launch Luna E-1 No.3 (Luna 1958C), but the rocket disintegrates 245 seconds after launch due to a hydrogen peroxide pump seizure.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Gemini VII is launched; stays aloft for 14 days, does rendezvous with Gemini VI-A.

     46 years ago, in 1973:

Pioneer 10 makes its closest approach to Jupiter at a distance of 124,000 miles (200,000 km) from the planet.

     41 years ago, in 1978:

The Pioneer Venus Orbiter goes into orbit around Venus.

     23 years ago, in 1996:

Mars Pathfinder with the first Mars rover, Sojourner, is launched.

     21 years ago, in 1998:

The first shuttle flight to the ISS, made by Endeavour (STS-88), brings the Unity node for the station.

 5

     30 years ago, in 1989:

Voyager 2's narrow-angle camera is turned off to conserve power and computer memory.

     8 years ago, in 2011:

The Kepler space telescope discovers the first planet around the "habitable zone" of a star, Kepler-22b.

     5 years ago, in 2014:

The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle makes its first uncrewed test flight - Exploration Flight Test 1 (EFT-1) - on a Delta IV Heavy rocket.

     2 years ago, in 2017:

The New Horizons probe takes a picture of the “Wishing Well” galactic open star cluster, becoming the farthest image ever made away from Earth at 3.79 billion miles (6.12 billion kilometers).

     2 years ago, in 2017:

The New Horizons probe takes a picture of KBO's 2012 HZ84 and 2012 HE85, becoming the new farthest image ever made away from Earth, and the closest ever taken of Kuiper Belt Objects.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

SpaceX launches the first CRS mission (CRS-16) to use a Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket to the ISS.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

The new SpaceX B1050 booster used to launch CRS-16 has a grid fin hydraulic pump stall on reentry and lands in the ocean, marking the first time any Falcon 9 booster fails to successfully land on a ground pad.

 6

     229 years ago, in 1790:

William Herschel discovers NGC 12, a spiral galaxy in the Pisces constellation.

     62 years ago, in 1957:

Vanguard TV-3, the first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite into orbit, blows up just four feet after lift-off.

     61 years ago, in 1958:

Pioneer 3 is launched for a lunar orbit, but fails and burns up in Earths atmosphere.

     58 years ago, in 1961:

Last contact is made with Explorer 12.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Luna 8 crashes into the Moon instead of a soft landing as planned, due to a punctured airbag.

     21 years ago, in 1998:

The Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS) is launched to study interstellar clouds and stellar and planetary formation.

     20 years ago, in 1999:

The General Assembly of the United Nations declares October 4th to 10th World Space Week.

     9 years ago, in 2010:

The Japanese Venus Climate Orbiter, Akatsuki, fails to insert into an orbit around Venus.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

Chang'e 3 enters lunar orbit.

     5 years ago, in 2014:

New Horizons is taken out of hibernation for the Pluto encounter.

 7

     53 years ago, in 1966:

ATS-1 is launched, with experiments in communications and weather data collection.

     51 years ago, in 1968:

OAO-2 (Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2) is launched with 11 ultraviolet telescopes.

     47 years ago, in 1972:

Apollo 17 launch to land on the moon.

     38 years ago, in 1981:

HEAO-3 (High Energy Astronomy Observatory 3) re-enters and burns up in the Earth's atmosphere.

     24 years ago, in 1995:

The Galileo spacecraft's atmospheric probe enters Jupiters atmosphere.

     18 years ago, in 2001:

The Jason-1 Earth satellite is launched to map sea level, wind speed and wave height.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

After missing insertion the first time and orbiting the Sun for 5 years, the Japanese Akatsuki probe is placed into an elliptical orbit around Venus.

 8            WAXING GIBBOUS 

     29 years ago, in 1990:

The Galileo probe makes its first pass by Earth for a gravity assist to Jupiter.

     27 years ago, in 1992:

The Galileo probe makes its second pass by Earth for a gravity assist to Jupiter.

     24 years ago, in 1995:

The Galileo probe goes into orbit around Jupiter.

     19 years ago, in 2000:

After 35 years, contact is made with Pioneer 6 for almost two hours.

     9 years ago, in 2010:

The SpaceX Dragon spacecraft launches on its first test mission (COTS Demo Flight 1), and becomes the first commercially built and operated spacecraft to be recovered from Earth orbit.

     9 years ago, in 2010:

The first ever solar sail craft, Japan's IKAROS, makes its closest approach to Venus at 50,200 miles (80,800km), successfully completing its primary mission.

 9

     41 years ago, in 1978:

All 5 probes from the Pioneer Venus Multiprobe reach Venus and enter the atmosphere.

     16 years ago, in 2003:

Last contact is made with the Japanese Mars probe, Nozomi.

     13 years ago, in 2006:

The shuttle Discovery (STS-116) launches, bringing the P5 truss segment to the ISS.

 10

     56 years ago, in 1963:

After 6 years (and US$660 million), the Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar program is cancelled.

     45 years ago, in 1974:

Helios-A (Helios 1) is launched to study the solar wind, magnetic and electric fields, and flies to within 47 million km of the Sun.

     20 years ago, in 1999:

ESA's X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) is launched.

     13 years ago, in 2006:

On board the shuttle Discovery (STS-116), Christer Fuglesang becomes the first Swedish citizen to visit space.

     2 years ago, in 2017:

On board a Long March 3B rocket, Alcomsat-1 becomes the first Algerian geostationary communications satellite.

     2 years ago, in 2017:

Earth is viewed by the Kepler space telescope after the spacecraft adjusts its telescope to a new field of view.

 11

     48 years ago, in 1971:

Ariel 4, a British ionospheric research satellite, is successfully launched.

     47 years ago, in 1972:

Apollo 17 lands on the moon.

     31 years ago, in 1988:

Astra 1A becomes the first satellite to be launched and operated by the SES (Societe Europeenne des Satellites).

 12            FULL MOON 

     58 years ago, in 1961:

OSCAR 1, the first amateur radio satellite, is launched.

     49 years ago, in 1970:

The Uhuru X-ray Explorer Satellite (SAS 1) is launched.

 13

     61 years ago, in 1958:

A Jupiter IRBM is launched with a South American squirrel monkey named Gordo on board, but the parachute fails to open and Gordo and the craft are lost at sea.

     57 years ago, in 1962:

Relay 1, an experimental communications satellite, is launched.

     52 years ago, in 1967:

Pioneer 8 is launched to obtain measurements of interplanetary phenomena.

     7 years ago, in 2012:

Chang'e 2, an unmanned Chinese lunar probe, makes its closest approach to the asteroid 4179 Toutatis.

 14

     57 years ago, in 1962:

Mariner 2 flies by Venus, becoming the first successful mission to another planet.

     43 years ago, in 1976:

The Viking 1 orbiter extended mission begins.

     29 years ago, in 1990:

The Canadian Space Agency Act is passed by the Government of Canada.

     26 years ago, in 1993:

Landsat 4 ends its science operations after failing to transmit data.

     18 years ago, in 2001:

The Yohkoh (Solar-A) Solar Observatory goes into safehold mode during an annular eclipse, losing its lock on the Sun.

     13 years ago, in 2006:

The U.S. military reconnaissance satellite, USA-193, becomes the first launch for United Launch Alliance, but the satellite malfunctions soon after deployment.

     10 years ago, in 2009:

The Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) is launched to study faint objects in space.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

Chang'e 3 successfully has a soft landing on the Moon; the first since the Soviet Union's Luna 24.

 15            WANING GIBBOUS 

     228 years ago, in 1791:

Caroline Herschel discovers her fifth comet, Comet C/1791 X1 (Herschel).

     59 years ago, in 1960:

Pioneer P-31 (Atlas-Able 5B, Pioneer Z) is launched for a lunar orbit, but the mission fails due to the third stage breaking up.

     55 years ago, in 1964:

The first Italian satellite, San Marco 1, is successfully launched.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Gemini VI-A is launched; completes rendezvous with Gemini VII at distances of 1 to 300 feet.

     53 years ago, in 1966:

Audouin Dollfus discovers one of Saturn's moons, Janus.

     49 years ago, in 1970:

Venera 7 becomes the first craft to make a soft landing on Venus, returning 23 minutes of data.

     35 years ago, in 1984:

The Soviet Vega 1 probe is launched to release a balloon and lander on Venus, then continue on to Halley's Comet.

     9 years ago, in 2010:

Mars Odyssey breaks the record for longest lived spacecraft at Mars (3340 days).

 16

     57 years ago, in 1962:

Explorer 16 is launched to obtain data on the near-Earth meteoroid environment.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Gemini VI-A lands back on Earth.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Pioneer 6 is launched to obtain measurements of interplanetary phenomena.

     41 years ago, in 1978:

Canada's Anik B1 communications satellite is launched.

     15 years ago, in 2004:

Voyager 1 crosses the termination shock; the point at which the solar wind abruptly slows down.

     8 years ago, in 2011:

Comet Lovejoy (C/2011 W3) passes through the Sun's corona and emerges intact.

     5 years ago, in 2014:

ESA announces that the Venus Express mission is over.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

TeLEOS-1, Singapore's first commercial earth observation satellite, is successfully launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in India.

 17

     116 years ago, in 1903:

The Wright brothers make the first powered flight.

     62 years ago, in 1957:

The U.S. successfully test-fires the Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile for the first time.

     16 years ago, in 2003:

Scaled Composites's SpaceShipOne achieves both its first powered and supersonic flight.

     7 years ago, in 2012:

The twin GRAIL probes are purposely crashed into the northern hemisphere of the Moon.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

China's first space observatory, DAMPE (Dark Matter Particle Explorer), is successfully launched.

 18

     61 years ago, in 1958:

Project SCORE is launched by DARPA, becoming the world’s first communications satellite.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Gemini VII lands back on Earth.

     53 years ago, in 1966:

Richard Walker discovers one of Saturn's moons, Epimetheus.

     46 years ago, in 1973:

Soyuz 13, along with the Orion 2 Space Observatory (a UV telescope), is launched.

     26 years ago, in 1993:

Thailand's first satellite, Thaicom 1, is successfully launched.

     18 years ago, in 2001:

Deep Space 1 ends its mission.

     9 years ago, in 2010:

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, located at the South Pole, is completed.

     5 years ago, in 2014:

NASA's Kepler space telescope discovers its first exoplanet, HIP 116454b, using the new K2 mission.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

Cassini makes its last flyby of Saturn's moon Enceladus.

 19            LAST QUARTER 

     236 years ago, in 1783:

Thinking it to be a globular cluster, William Herschel discovers the spiral galaxy NGC 2775 in the constellation of Cancer.

     56 years ago, in 1963:

Explorer 19, a balloon satellite, is launched, and is the second satellite for air density research to reach orbit after Explorer 9.

     47 years ago, in 1972:

Apollo 17 splashes down in the Pacific Ocean and is retrieved by the USS Ticonderoga.

     41 years ago, in 1978:

After just over 16 years in orbit, Explorer 15 reenters the Earth's atmosphere and burns up.

     20 years ago, in 1999:

Servicing Mission 3A is launched aboard shuttle Discovery (STS-103) to fix Hubble's 6 failed gyroscopes, and other upgrades.

     16 years ago, in 2003:

The European Mars Express ejects the Beagle 2 lander.

     7 years ago, in 2012:

Chris Hadfield goes to space for the third time aboard Soyuz TMA-07M to the ISS.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

ESA launches the GAIA astrometry observatory, designed to map part of the galaxy in 3D.

 20

     119 years ago, in 1900:

Michel Giacobini discovers comet Giacobini–Zinner, which was later a target for the ICE spacecraft.

     8 years ago, in 2011:

NASA's Kepler space telescope discovers the first Earth-size exoplanets orbiting a sun-like star, Kepler-20e and 20f.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

The first Bolivian satellite, Tupac Katari 1 (TKSat 1), is successfully launched.

 21

     231 years ago, in 1788:

Caroline Herschel discovers her second comet, Comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

OSCAR 4, the fourth amateur radio satellite, is launched.

     53 years ago, in 1966:

Luna 13 is launched to the Moon.

     51 years ago, in 1968:

Launch of the first manned mission to orbit the Moon (Apollo 8 test flight - no LM).

     41 years ago, in 1978:

The Venera 12 probe lands on Venus, where it survives for 110 minutes, and records what is thought to be lightning.

     35 years ago, in 1984:

The Soviet Vega 2 probe is launched to release a balloon and lander on Venus, then continue on to Halley's Comet.

     15 years ago, in 2004:

The Delta IV Heavy makes its maiden flight carrying a test satellite; DemoSat, two nanosatellites; Nanosat 2, and a mock payload.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

The maiden flight of the Progress-MS (MS-01, ISS-62P) is launched for a resupply mission to the ISS.

 22            WANING CRESCENT 

     1051 years ago, in 968:

The first clear description of the corona seen during a total eclipse is given by a chronicler in Constantinople.

     59 years ago, in 1960:

The Soviet dogs Damka and Krasavka are launched aboard an R2-A for an orbital flight; but the mission fails, though both dogs survive.

     54 years ago, in 1965:

OSCAR 4, an amateur radio satellite, delivers the first direct satellite communication between the United States and the USSR.

     53 years ago, in 1966:

Apollo 2 is cancelled; deemed unnecessary.

     36 years ago, in 1983:

International Sun-Earth Explorer-3 (ISEE-3) is renamed International Cometary Explorer (ICE) and enters heliocentric orbit.

     4 years ago, in 2015:

The maiden flight of SpaceX's Falcon 9 Full Thrust is successful, with the first ever controlled landing of a rocket booster on solid ground.

 23

     347 years ago, in 1672:

Giovanni Cassini discovers one of Saturn's moons, Rhea.

     60 years ago, in 1959:

The maiden flight of the Soviet R-7A Semyorka ICBM is successfully launched.

     37 years ago, in 1982:

The first Soyuz-U2 orbital carrier rocket is launched on its maiden flight.

     26 years ago, in 1993:

COBE's instrument operations are terminated.

     15 years ago, in 2004:

Cassini launches the Huygens probe for a landing on Titan.

 24

     53 years ago, in 1966:

Luna 13 makes the second survivable landing on the Moon for the Soviets.

     51 years ago, in 1968:

Apollo 8 goes into lunar orbit, and the crew read the first 10 verses from the Book of Genesis.

     40 years ago, in 1979:

The CAT-1 is the first satellite launched by the ESA on their own rocket, the Ariane 1.

      1 year ago, in 2018:

ESA's X-ray space telescope, XMM-Newton, detects an increase in brightness by a factor of 100 in the black hole at the center of galaxy GSN 069, a phenomenon that repeats every nine hours.

 25

     46 years ago, in 1973:

Astronauts aboard Skylab take photos of Comet Kohoutek during an EVA.

     41 years ago, in 1978:

The Venera 11 probe lands on Venus, where it survives for 95 minutes.

     16 years ago, in 2003:

The European Mars Express enters orbit around Mars.

     16 years ago, in 2003:

Beagle 2 lands on Mars, but contact with it fails.

 26            NEW MOON 

     46 years ago, in 1973:

After almost 8 days in orbit, Soyuz 13 returns to Earth.

     45 years ago, in 1974:

The Salyut 4 space station is launched.

     2 years ago, in 2017:

On board a Zenit-3F rocket, AngoSat-1 becomes Angola's first satellite, but communication is soon lost.

 27

     59 years ago, in 1960:

Last contact is made with Explorer 8.

     51 years ago, in 1968:

Apollo 8 splashes down in the northern Pacific Ocean and is retrieved by the USS Yorktown .

     15 years ago, in 2004:

The radiation burst from magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth, with a flash of light so powerful that it bounces off the Moon and lights up the Earth's upper atmosphere.

     13 years ago, in 2006:

The French space observatory, COROT, is launched to search for extrasolar planets and perform asteroseismology.

 28

     53 years ago, in 1966:

The Luna 13 mission ends when contact is lost.

     19 years ago, in 2000:

The Galileo spacecraft flies by Jupiters moon Ganymede.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

The Soyuz-2-1v, a Russian expendable light-class carrier rocket, makes a successful maiden flight.

 29

     51 years ago, in 1968:

The Apollo 8 CM is offloaded from the U.S.S. Yorktown at Ford Island, Hawaii for evaluation and deactivation procedures.

     46 years ago, in 1973:

Astronauts aboard Skylab take photos of Comet Kohoutek as it appears from behind the sun during an EVA.

     39 years ago, in 1980:

NASA's Crawler Transporter One carries space shuttle Columbia out to Launch Pad 39A for the STS-1 mission.

 30            WAXING CRESCENT 

     54 years ago, in 1965:

Explorer 18 reenters the Earth's atmosphere and burns up.

     34 years ago, in 1985:

Puck, a moon of Uranus, is discovered by the Voyager 2 spacecraft.

     24 years ago, in 1995:

The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) is launched to facilitate the study of time variability in the emission of X-ray sources with moderate spectral resolution.

     19 years ago, in 2000:

Cassini makes a pass by Jupiter for a gravity assist to Saturn.

 31

     16 years ago, in 2003:

Operation is terminated with the Japanese Mars probe, Nozomi, due to electrical failures.

     8 years ago, in 2011:

The probe GRAIL A (Ebb) enters orbit around the Moon.

     6 years ago, in 2013:

The Dawn probe passes the halfway mark from Vesta to Ceres.